This game develop mnemonic memory.
The memory processes
Memory if often divided into four major processes, and I will use these categories
to help explain my view of what mnemonics are.
Attention and selection — what you notice; you choose (consciously
and/or unconsciously) what to focus on.
Encoding — what you have chosen to focus on is changed, encoded, into
the things to be remembered.
Storage — how you hold on to the information; some memories fade faster,
Retrieval — recalling what you have previously stored.
Some mnemonic guidelines you know from your common sense. For example: with
regards to attention you need to focus. When it comes to encoding you need to
keep it as simple as possible. What is the most effective way of storing (visually,
audially, kinesthetically, etc.) differs somewhat between persons. The variant
you use spontaneously is probably a good clue. Retrieval depends not only on
how well the memory is stored, but also on what you have to do to remind yourself
of it (for example, sometimes you forget why you walked into the kitchen, but
you know that you can do the walk over again and it will probably come back
Mnemonics builds on this and lets you be more efficient in how you use your
memory. It is basically just a continuation of the common sense, taken to a
level many people do not bother with because they normally do not need it in
their everyday life. It is all built on principles natural to us, simply because
these are the ones we do best.
Eidetic memory (Photographic memory) found in 5% children. These children can
remember an entire page of writing in an unfamiliar language after only seeing
it for a short period of time. Only a few have eidetic memory in adulthood.