SURVEY - gather the information necessary to focus and formulate goals.
Read the title - help the mind prepare to receive the subject at hand.
Read the introduction and/or summary - how this chapter fits the author's purposes,
and focus on the author's statement of most important points.
Notice each boldface heading and subheading - order your mind before you begin to
read - build a structure for the thoughts and details to come.
Notice any graphics - charts, maps, diagrams, etc. are there to make a point - don't
Notice reading aids - italics, bold face print, chapter objective, end-of -chapter
questions are all included to help you sort, comprehend, and remember.
Survey the document: scan the contents, introduction, chapter introductions and
chapter summaries to pick up a shallow overview of the text and form an opinion
of whether it will be of any help.
QUESTION - help your mind to concentrate.
One section at a time, turn the boldface heading into as many questions as you think
will be answered in that section. The better the questions, the better your comprehension
is likely to be. You may always add further questions as you proceed. When the mind
is actively searching for answers to questions it becomes engaged in learning.
Make a note of any questions that come to mind or particularly interest you about
the subject as a result of your survey. Perhaps rescan the document to see if any
questions stand out. These questions can be considered almost as study goals - understanding
the answers can help you to structure the information in the mind.
READ - fill in the information around the mental structures you've been
Read each section (one at a time) with the questions in mind. Look for the answers,
and notice if you need to make up some new questions.
Read the document. Read through it in detail, taking care to understand all the
points that are relevant. In the case of some texts this reading may be very slow
if there is a lot of dense and complicated information.
RECITE - retain your mind to concentrate and learn as it reads.
After each section - stop, recall the questions, and see if you can answer them
from memory. If not, look back again (as often as necessary) but don't go on to
the next section until you can recite.
Once you have read the document, or a section of it, run through it in your mind
a number of times. Isolate out the core facts or the essential processes behind
the subject, and then see how other information fits around them. Some things may
require more recital than others for them to sink in.
REVIEW - refine your mental organization and begin building memory.
Once you've finished the entire chapter using the preceding steps, go back over
all the questions from all the headings. See if you can still answer them. If not,
look back and refresh the memory, then continue.
Once you have run through the exercise of Recalling the information, you can
move on to the stage of reviewing the information. This review can be by re-reading
the document, by expanding your notes, or by discussing the material with someone
else. A particularly effective method of reviewing information is to have to teach
it to someone else!
THE INFORMATION YOU GAIN FROM READING IS IMPORTANT. IF YOU JUST "DO IT" WITHOUT
LEARNING SOMETHING. YOU'RE WASTING A LOT OF TIME.
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