Time signatures of music

Time signatures tell you how many and what kind of notes per measure there are. The number on top is the number of notes per measure, and the bottom number is what kind of note. Let us explain further.

Let us take for example the most poppar time signature, 4/4.

This means there is 4 quarter notes per measure. How is this so?

Looking at 4/4, you saw the 4 on top. You already knew that meant there were 4 something per measure. Then looking at the bottom number probably confused you. The bottom number can be 1, 2, 4, 8, 16, etc. Look at this chart.

Bottom Number

1 Whole note
2 Half note
4 Quarter note
8 Eighth note
16 Sixteenth note

3/4 is 3 quarter music notes per measure.
5/2 is 5 half music notes per measure.
6/8 is 6 eighth music notes per measure.

There are also 2 other common things you might see where the time signature shopd be.

Common Time
Same as 4/4 time

Cut Time
Same as 4/4 but everything is cut in half.
Example: a half note = 1 quarter note, a whole note = 1 half note.



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